Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative provinces with an area of 312,696 km² and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. Poland first became a unified entity in the 10th century and was ruled by a series of kings. Poland has a population of nearly 38.5 million people, and is the fifth-most populous member state of the European Union.
Poland ranks as the 9th largest in size.
Poland is also the 4th country with the highest green cover.
Poland is the 63rd largest country in the world.
The name “Poland” (called “Polska” in Polish) is derived from the tribe name Polanie. The word Polanie means ‘people living in open fields.’
Poland has the richest geothermal waters resources in Europe spread over 1/3 part of the country.
Poland is the second country in the world to develop a constitution. Poland’s first written constitution was adopted in 1791 during the Spring.
Gniezno was the very first capital of Poland.
Born Marie Sklodowska, Marie Curie (the first woman to be credited with winning a Nobel Peace Prize) is of Polish heritage and not French.
Polish is the country’s official language.
Poland is home to 16 World Heritage Sites.
Poland is home to over 1,300 lakes and 24 National Parks.
Poland is home to the only desert located in Central Europe named Pustynia Bledowska.
Poland holds the world record for receiving the highest number of awards Title of Righteous among the Nations by the State of Israel.
Traditionally, Polish last names end with ski/ska or cka/cki, depending on the sex of the individual.
Until it was razed down in 1991, the tallest structure in the world was 646 meters high Warsaw Radio Mast, located in Warsaw, Poland.
Poland is also home to the Malbork which is officially the biggest castle in the world as measured by single area.
The youngest to marry in Europe are Polish people.
In Poland, the names of Saints are associated with days in the calendar.
Poland is that the country ranks 3rd in the consumption of beer per year behind Germany and the Czech Republic.
Opened in 1275, the Piwnica Swidnicka is the oldest restaurant in Europe which is located in Wroclaw, Poland.
Polish started consuming Vodka as early as the 11th century as medicine initially.
The Polish man Julius Fromm invented the first latex condom.
Nicolaus Copernicus, the first person to state the theory that the Earth was not the centre of the universe is one of the famous among the Polish.
Poland is home to the tallest Jesus statue in the world named the Christ the King Statue in Świebodzin.
Mount Kosciuszko, the highest mountain in Australia, is named after a Polish General Tadeusz Kościuszko, who played an important role in American as well as the Russian revolution.
Poland is the most religious country in Europe. Around 90% are Roman Catholics.
The traditional food of Poland is called Bigos, a stew made of meat or vegetables or a combination of both.
Poland is home to Jagiellonian University which is the second oldest institution of its kind in Europe.
The Polish language is so complicated, that even Polish people have many problems to speak and write 100% correctly.
Poland is home to both the first and the second Universities in Europe. Poland’s and Europe’s first University was founded in 1348 before the Jagiellonian University in Prague.
Around 260 millions litres of vodka are produced in Poland each year.
College in Poland is free. If you’re a Polish citizen, you can attend a state-run university without paying tuition.