Every year on April 22nd, there are Earth Day celebrations in over 192 countries around the world. Earth Day is intended to demonstrate support for environmental protection. A UNESCO Conference in 1969 proposed March 21st, 1970 as the first Earth Day. Every year on April 22nd, the United States observes a separate Earth Day. In 1990, this date was designated as Earth Day by the United Nations. Many communities also support environmental issues by commemorating Earth Week.
The first Earth Day in the United States was held on April 22, 1970.
The Earth Day Network is the global organizer of Earth Day.
Earth Day was founded in the United States by Senator Gaylord Nelson. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in recognition of his efforts.
Denis Hayes took Earth Day global in 1990. Today, he claims that it is the largest secular holiday in the world, observed by over one billion people worldwide.
The first Earth Day celebration in the United States saw 20 million Americans take part in peaceful protests to show their support for environmental reform.
On the first Day in the United States, 2,000 colleges and universities, as well as 10,000 primary and secondary schools, took part.
On the first Earth Day in New York City, the mayor closed Fifth Avenue and allowed it to be celebrated in Central Park.
Planting trees, collecting garbage, cleaning up the coral reefs, signing petitions, and planning for a better environment and planet are all popular Earth Day activities.
The United Nations renamed Earth Day International Mother Earth Day in 2009.
Some communities and schools choose to observe Earth Week, allowing for more time to devote to teaching and studying the environment.
On Earth Day 2012, more than 100,000 people in China rode their bicycles. They did this in order to save fuel and reduce CO2 emissions from vehicles.
On Earth Day 2011, the Earth Day Network planted 28 million trees in Afghanistan.
In Panama, 100 species of endangered orchids were planted to prevent extinction in honor of Earth Day.
Earth Day is significant in raising awareness of our impact on the environment and what can be done to mitigate it. Some of the statistics used to make the point of going green include: recycling one aluminum can saves enough energy to watch three hours of television. Recycling aluminum cans uses 90 percent less energy than manufacturing new ones. Every day, the average person discards approximately 4 pounds of garbage. Every year, the average person consumes approximately 12 thousand gallons of water. Only 27% of newspapers in the United States are recycled. If they were all recycled, a quarter-billion trees would be saved each year.
Every year, 14,000,000,000 pounds of garbage are dumped into the oceans. Every year, plastic garbage kills at least one million sea creatures.
By 2010, when Earth Day celebrated its 40th anniversary, more than one billion people had participated. More than 180 countries participated in the celebration, and Facebook has become a popular tool for spreading the word.