Meteorology is the scientific study of the atmosphere that allows for weather forecasting. Despite the fact that the field has been studied for millennia, no real breakthroughs occurred until the 1700s. Weather forecasting became more feasible in the second half of the twentieth century, after the computer was invented. Meteorology studies variables in the earth’s atmosphere such as water vapor, air pressure, and temperature. It includes the study of weather and climate systems, as well as their global, regional, and local impacts. Meteorology is useful in a variety of fields, including agriculture, transportation, construction, military operations, and even energy production. It is also extremely beneficial to the tourism industry.
Meteorology is derived from the Greek words’meteoros’ and ‘logia,’ and means ‘in the sky’ and’study.’
Around 350BC, Aristotle wrote about meteorology. Many consider him to be the father of meteorology.
Another ancient Greek, Theophrastus, wrote a book called The Book of Signs. It was a book about weather forecasting.
In 1861, the London Times published the first daily weather forecast.
During forest fire seasons, meteorology is useful.
Many films have been made in which meteorology serves as the backdrop for the action. Twister, The Day After Tomorrow, The Perfect Storm, and even Groundhog Day are among these films.
Wind, water vapor, air pressure, and temperature variations are all studied to aid in weather forecasting.
Meteorologists primarily study the troposphere, the lowest layer of the atmosphere, because the higher layers have little influence on the earth’s surface weather. The higher levels usually only have an impact on the weather on Earth’s surface during extreme weather events like tornadoes and hurricanes.
Meteorologists use weather satellite data to make forecasts, but they also use simple instruments like thermometers.
Some people believe that crickets can predict the strength of a weather system. The stronger the approaching weather, the more frequent the chirps.
Meteorologists can track weather patterns and make predictions that can save lives. They can warn people of dangerous approaching weather, which can often help them leave the area and prepare for the storm.
Meteorologists use computers to assist them in making both short-term and long-term weather forecasts.
Meteorologists conduct extensive research on the earth’s weather, including studies on global warming and how pollution affects the weather.
Tornadoes and hurricanes are also studied by meteorologists to better understand how they form.
Because computers cannot do everything that meteorologists can, they cannot fully replace them. Humans are still required to select the best method of weather prediction.
A person must have pattern recognition skills, as well as knowledge of forecast model performance and biases, among other things, to predict weather.
Weather forecasts are even used in the stock market. Temperature and rain forecasts have an impact on agriculture, and thus the value of commodities in the farming industry.
Forecasts are used by air traffic controllers and flight crews to help keep passengers safe.
Weather enthusiasts can pursue a variety of careers, including becoming the Weather Man or Weather Girl on television news channels.