“Friday the 13th” is considered an unlucky day in Western superstition, with a history dating back to the Middle Ages. Many people believe that this superstition arose because there were 13 people at the Last Supper, with Jesus and his 12 disciples. Some also believe that Friday was the day on which Adam and Eve were expelled from the Garden of Eden. This superstition has become so widespread that many people avoid making important decisions or traveling on this day.
According to a 2019 survey, 48% of Americans believe that Friday the 13th is an unlucky day. This belief is not limited to the United States, as many people in other countries also consider Friday the 13th to be an unlucky day. However, there are also those who believe that Friday the 13th is a lucky day, especially those born on the 13th. Regardless of personal beliefs, the superstitions surrounding this day continue to influence many people’s decisions and behaviors.
There are generally 1-3 Friday the 13ths per year. The exact number of Friday the 13ths in a year depends on the length of the year and the position of the days of the week. For example, a year that starts on a Thursday and is not a leap year will have three Friday the 13ths, while a year that starts on a Sunday and is a leap year will have only one. The frequency of Friday the 13th varies from year to year and is not evenly distributed.
The longest gap between two Friday the 13ths is 14 months. This occurred in 2013-2014, when the first Friday the 13th of 2013 was in September and the next one was in December 2014. The shortest gap between two Friday the 13ths is one month, which occurs when the first Friday the 13th of the year is in January or February. The length of time between Friday the 13ths is determined by the same factors that determine the number of Friday the 13ths in a year.
The most recent years with three Friday the 13ths were 2012, 2015, 2017, and 2020. The next year with three Friday the 13ths will be 2026. The occurrence of three Friday the 13ths in a year is relatively rare, happening only about once every five to six years. Despite the superstitions surrounding this day, some people view having three Friday the 13ths in a year as a lucky occurrence.
The most recent years with no Friday the 13ths were 2011, 2013, 2014, and 2016. The next year with no Friday the 13th will be 2024. These years occur when the first day of the year falls on a Saturday, and the year is not a leap year. The absence of Friday the 13th in a year does not necessarily mean that the year will be without other superstitions or unfortunate events.
The fear of Friday the 13th is called paraskevidekatriaphobia. This term was coined in the 1980s by Dr. Donald Dossey, a phobia specialist, and is derived from the Greek words for “Friday,” “thirteen,” and “fear.” Those who suffer from paraskevidekatriaphobia may experience anxiety, panic attacks, and avoidance behaviors on Friday the 13th.
The word “paraskevidekatriaphobia” comes from the Greek words for “Friday,” “thirteen,” and “fear.” The fear of Friday the 13th is not recognized as a specific phobia in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), but it is considered a cultural phenomenon. While most people may not experience intense fear or anxiety on Friday the 13th, the superstitions surrounding this day can still influence their behavior and decision-making.
The superstition surrounding Friday the 13th is so widespread that many buildings do not have a 13th floor, and many airports do not have a gate 13. This is known as “triskaidekaphobia,” which is the fear of the number 13. Instead of a 13th floor, some buildings skip from the 12th floor to the 14th floor. While this practice may seem irrational to some, it is done to avoid upsetting those who hold superstitions and to avoid potential negative associations with the number 13.
In some countries, Tuesday the 13th is considered unlucky instead of Friday the 13th. This belief is especially prevalent in Spanish-speaking countries, where “martes trece” (Tuesday the 13th) is viewed as an unlucky day. Like Friday the 13th, the superstition surrounding Tuesday the 13th may have originated from religious or historical events, such as the capture of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks on a Tuesday the 13th in 1453.
In Italy, Friday the 17th is considered unlucky, not Friday the 13th. This superstition may have originated from the fact that the Roman numeral for 17, “XVII,” can be rearranged to spell the Latin word “vixi,” which means “I have lived,” implying death. Friday the 17th is considered an unlucky day in other countries as well, such as Brazil and Greece.
Many historical events have occurred on Friday the 13th, including the sinking of the Costa Concordia cruise ship in 2012. Other notable events that occurred on Friday the 13th include the Black Friday bushfires in Australia in 1939, the crash of the Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 in the Andes in 1972, and the death of rapper Tupac Shakur in 1996. While some people may view these events as evidence of the unlucky nature of Friday the 13th, others argue that these events are simply coincidences and that there is no inherent power or meaning behind the date.
The first Friday the 13th movie was released in 1980 and spawned a long-running horror franchise. The movie tells the story of a group of camp counselors who are stalked and killed by an unknown assailant on Friday the 13th. The success of the first movie led to the creation of multiple sequels, as well as spin-off media such as comic books, video games, and a television series.
Despite the popularity of the Friday the 13th franchise, the original movie was not well-received by critics. Many reviewers criticized the movie’s violence and gore, as well as its lack of originality. However, the movie’s success at the box office and its popularity among horror fans have ensured its place in popular culture.
The superstitions surrounding Friday the 13th have been the subject of many studies and surveys. According to one survey, up to 21 million people in the United States fear Friday the 13th, and an estimated $800 million to $900 million is lost in business revenue on this day due to people avoiding travel and making major purchases. However, other studies have found no evidence of increased accidents, deaths, or other negative events on Friday the 13th.
In some cultures, the number 13 is actually considered lucky. In Chinese culture, for example, the number 13 is associated with good fortune and is often used in decorations and celebrations. Similarly, in Judaism, the number 13 is associated with the age at which a boy becomes a man, and is therefore considered a lucky number.
The fear of Friday the 13th may be a result of cultural conditioning and psychological factors. According to one theory, the superstition may have originated from the Christian belief that 13 people were present at the Last Supper, and that the 13th person, Judas Iscariot, betrayed Jesus. This association with betrayal and death may have contributed to the superstition surrounding the number 13.
Despite the superstitions surrounding Friday the 13th, many people celebrate the day and even use it as an opportunity to confront their fears. In some places, Friday the 13th is considered a lucky day and is celebrated with special events and promotions. Others may use the day as an excuse to engage in activities that are typically considered unlucky, such as walking under ladders or breaking mirrors.
The superstitions surrounding Friday the 13th have had a lasting impact on popular culture, and have been referenced in literature, music, and film. For example, the song “Friday the 13th” by horror punk band the Misfits references the superstition and features lyrics about a killer stalking his prey on this day. Similarly, the horror movie franchise “Friday the 13th” has become a cultural icon and has spawned countless imitators and parodies.
The superstitions surrounding Friday the 13th may have real-world consequences, as some people may avoid important decisions or take unnecessary risks on this day. While there is no evidence to suggest that Friday the 13th is actually an unlucky day, the fear and anxiety surrounding this day can still affect people’s behavior and decision-making.
The superstitions surrounding Friday the 13th have also been used for marketing purposes, with companies using the day to promote sales and discounts. While some may view this as crass commercialization, others see it as a harmless way to capitalize on the public’s interest in Friday the 13th. Some businesses even use the day to promote good luck and positive thinking, offering special deals on items like horseshoes and four-leaf clovers.
In many countries, the fear of Friday the 13th has led to the creation of superstitions and rituals designed to ward off bad luck. In Italy, for example, people may touch iron to protect themselves from evil spirits, while in Greece, people may spit three times to ward off the evil eye. Similarly, in Mexico, people may carry a red ribbon or bracelet for good luck.
Despite the superstitions and fears surrounding Friday the 13th, many people choose to embrace the day and see it as an opportunity for growth and transformation. Some even view it as a day of good luck and fortune, and use it as a chance to take risks and try new things. Ultimately, whether or not Friday the 13th is truly an unlucky day is a matter of personal belief, and each individual must decide for themselves how they will approach this potentially auspicious or ominous date.