Nauru is a small island nation located in the Pacific Ocean. Despite its small size, Nauru has a rich history and culture that makes it a fascinating place to learn about. In this article, we will highlight 16 interesting facts about Nauru that you may not have known.
1. Nauru is the third smallest country in the world
Nauru is only 21 square kilometers in size, making it the third smallest country in the world, after Monaco and Tuvalu. Despite its small size, Nauru has a population of over 11,000 people.
2. Nauru was once a wealthy nation
Nauru was once one of the wealthiest nations in the world, thanks to its large deposits of phosphate, which is used in fertilizers. In the 1960s and 1970s, Nauru was one of the richest countries per capita in the world. However, the depletion of the island’s phosphate resources has led to a decline in its wealth and economy.
3. Nauru was once a colony of Germany, Australia and New Zealand
Nauru has been under the control of several colonial powers throughout its history. In 1888, Nauru became a German colony and was later occupied by Australia and New Zealand during World War I. In 1968, Nauru gained independence from Australia.
4. Nauru has no official capital city
Nauru does not have an official capital city, as the country’s government and administration are based in the island’s largest settlement, Yaren.
5. Nauru is the only country in the world without an official police force
Nauru is the only country in the world without an official police force. Instead, the country relies on the Nauru Administration to maintain law and order.
6. Nauru has the highest obesity rate in the world
Nauru has the highest obesity rate in the world, with over 60% of its adult population being classified as obese. This high rate of obesity is due to a combination of factors, including the country’s sedentary lifestyle, high calorie diet and lack of physical activity.
7. Nauru has a unique flag
Nauru’s flag is unique, as it is the only flag in the world to feature the image of a golden eagle. The eagle represents the country’s independence, strength and freedom.
8. Nauru has no army
Nauru does not have an army, as the country relies on Australia and New Zealand for its defense. Nauru is also a member of the Pacific Islands Forum and the Commonwealth of Nations.
9. Nauru is a member of the United Nations
Nauru is a member of the United Nations, and has been since 1999. The country is also a member of several other international organizations, including the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.
10. Nauru has a rich cultural heritage
Nauru has a rich cultural heritage, with a strong tradition of storytelling and song. The island’s indigenous culture is based on the customs and traditions of the Nauruan people, who are descendants of the Polynesian and Micronesian peoples.
11. Nauru has a unique language
Nauru has a unique language, called Nauruan, which is only spoken by the island’s residents. Nauruan is a member of the Micronesian language family and is related to other Pacific Islander languages, such as Kiribati and Tuvalu.
Nauru may be a small island nation, but it is rich in history and culture. Its unique government, young population, and tropical climate make it an interesting place to learn about and visit. If you’re looking for a new destination to explore, consider adding Nauru to your travel list.