The fire-bellied toad is a frog species that lives in Europe and Asia. China is home to eight different species of fire-bellied toad. Marshes, wetlands, rainforests, lakes, ponds, and slow-flowing streams are all ideal habitats for the fire-bellied toad. The main threat to the fire-bellied toad’s survival is habitat loss, which is why the Apennine yellow-bellied toad is listed as an endangered species. Other risks include pollution, habitat change (clearing of swamps), infections, and so forth. Fire-bellied toads are popular as pets, but they must be carefully cared for (they require specific temperature, moisture, and ventilation).
Fire-bellied toads are medium-sized toads. They are normally between 1.3 and 5 inches long and weigh between 0.7 and 2.8 ounces.
The backs of fire-bellied toads are usually dark in color (black, brown, grey, or green) and have little tubercles.
The skin of the fire-bellied toad’s belly is smooth and vibrantly colored. The color of the belly depends on the species. It might be yellow, orange, or red. Dark uneven patches blanket the surface.
The fire-bellied toad, like many other vividly colored creatures, is venomous. This is known as aposematic coloration, or warning coloration, and it is used by animals to advertise their ability to harm anyone who tries to consume them.
When threatened, the fire-bellied toad will arch its back or even flip over to reveal its vividly colored belly. Unken reflex is the term for this type of activity.
Foxes, cats, lizards, snakes, large fish, and birds are the main predators of the fire-bellied toad.
The venom is found in the skin of the fire-bellied toad. It protects against bacterial and fungal infection as well as greater predator threats.
Although the poison of the fire-bellied toad cannot kill a person, it can cause skin sensitivity.
Carnivores, fire-bellied toads (meat-eaters). They devour insects, spiders, crustaceans, mollusks, larvae, and worms, among other things.
To catch its prey, the fire-bellied toad uses its long, sticky tongue.
The fire-bellied toad hibernates for part of the year (under adverse weather conditions). From September to May, most species hibernate.
Some fire-bellied toads hibernate in the water (river bottoms) or under decaying trees and leaves.
Late in the spring, fire-bellied toads mate. Females are capable of producing between 50 and 300 eggs, which are placed on plants or leaves that are above water.
After few days, tadpoles hatch and fall into the water. They normally measure 0.5 inches in length. Algae, fungus, and plants are eaten by tadpoles. Tadpoles require several years to fully mature into adult animals.
In the wild, fire-bellied toads live for a long time. They have a 20-year lifespan.