Parsley is a herbaceous plant in the same family as celery, carrot, and cumin (Apiaceae). The precise origin of parsley is unknown. According to some researchers, parsley originated in Sardinia. Parsley cultivation began over 2000 years ago. This plant can now be found all over the world. Parsley prefers areas with partial shade and well-drained, mineral-rich soil. The flavor of parsley is determined by the type of soil and climate conditions. Parsley is one of the world’s most popular spices. Parsley is also used in the cosmetic, pharmaceutical, and medical industries.
Parsley can reach a height of 2 feet.
The bright green, fern-like leaves of parsley grow from a centrally positioned green stem. Leaf stems are more flavorful than leaves.
There are two basic types of parsley, which differ in flavor and leaf morphology. Curly parsley has wrinkled or creased leaves and is bitter. The leaves of Italian parsley are flat and have a strong flavor.
Parsley produces tiny flowers in terminal inflorescences known as umbels.
Hamburg parsley is a type of parsley with large roots (6 times bigger than the plant). The root of Hamburg parsley is consumed by humans, but it is less popular than the leaves.
The germination period of parsley is extended (at least one month). Gardeners like to grow parsley near roses (to keep them healthy and to enhance their fragrance) and tomatoes (because parsley attracts bees – main pollinators of tomatoes).
Parsley is high in vitamins K, C, and A, as well as B vitamins. It also has fiber and minerals like potassium, magnesium, calcium, and iron.
In ancient Rome, parsley was used as a salad ingredient, to relieve hangover symptoms, and as a head ornament in the form of garlands.
Parsley is one of the world’s most popular herbs. It is used in salads, soups, stews, and dishes with tomato, meat, and fish.
Chewing parsley can help eliminate bad breath, especially after consuming garlic.
Animal studies revealed that parsley oil has antitumor properties (prevents growth of tumor).
Parsley is anti-bacterial (kills bacteria) and anti-fungal (kills fungi). Parsley tea improves blood circulation. Leaves can be used to treat superficial wounds, and root juice can be used to reduce swelling. However, pregnant women should avoid parsley because it causes uterine contractions, which can lead to miscarriage.
Parsley is used in the cosmetic industry to make soaps and body lotions that are especially beneficial to dry skin.
Parsley is a biennial plant, which means it has a two-year life cycle.