Facts about El Salvador
El Salvador, officially the Republic of El Salvador, is a Central American country. It shares borders with Honduras on the northeast, Guatemala on the northwest, and the Pacific Ocean on the south. San Salvador is El Salvador’s capital and largest city.
El Salvador is Central America’s smallest country. It has an area of slightly more than 21,000 square kilometers, which is roughly the same as Wales.
El Salvador is the most densely populated country in the Americas, with a population of nearly 7 million people.
It is the only Central American country without a Caribbean coastline.
The official language is Spanish.
El Salvador has tropical weather. May to October is the rainy season, and November to April is the dry season.
On September 15, 1821, El Salvador declared independence from Spain.
64% of the population lives in cities.
It is Central America’s third largest economy, trailing only Costa Rica and Panama.
Despite this, nearly one-quarter of the population lives on less than $1.25 per day.
From 1979 to 1992, the country was engulfed in a bloody civil war.
According to some estimates, up to 80,000 people died during the war.
Coffee grown in the western part of the country is famous throughout the world.
Cerro El Pital, at 2,730 meters, is the highest point in the country.
On January 13, 2001, the country experienced its largest earthquake. It had a Richter scale magnitude of 7.7 and caused a tsunami.
Volcano Santa Ana is El Salvador’s highest point, rising 2,381 meters above sea level.
Tourism is the Salvadoran economy’s fastest growing sector.
Lake Coatepeque is a massive crater lake in western El Salvador.
El Salvador’s official currency is the US dollar.
El Salvador’s society is conservative.
Salvadorans only use their first names when addressing family and friends.
When you’ve finished your meal, it’s considered polite to leave a small amount of food on your plate.
Friends hug and kiss each other on the right cheek.
Visitors are served first.
Salvadorans enjoy socializing and are friendly and welcoming.
Joya de Ceren is the only UNESCO World Heritage Site in the country. When the Laguna Caldera volcano erupted, it buried a pre-hispanic farming community under ash.
Cihuatan, Joya de Ceren, San Andres, Casa Blanca, and Tazumal are the five archaeological parks in El Salvador.
The opening hours and admission fees for all five parks are the same. Tuesday through Sunday, 9.00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. Foreign visitors must pay a $3.00 entrance fee.
El Salvador International Airport was named the Best Airport in Central America and the Caribbean Region at the World Airport Awards in 2014.
The airport, also known as Comalapa International Airport and Cuscatlan International Airport, is Central America’s third busiest.
The country is well-known for its surfing.
The region is known as the “Land of Volcanoes” because it contains more than twenty volcanoes. Two of them are currently in use.
Salvadorans are referred to as “guanacos.”
El Salvador’s staple foods are tortillas, rice, and beans.
Metrocentro is Central America’s largest shopping mall. It was built in 1970 and is based in San Salvador.
Despite the country’s tropical climate, snow has been seen on Cerro El Pital’s peak.
El Salvador has one of the highest cell phone densities in the world, with 125 phones per 100 people!
Playa El Tunco’s beach destination has some of the best sunsets in the world!
The national soccer team has participated in two Fifa World Cups. The first time was in 1970, and the second time was in 1982.
Because of its beautiful beaches, the country has hosted international surfing competitions.
Magico Gonzales, a Salvadoran soccer player, is widely regarded as one of the best players in history.
El Salvador has never won a medal at the Olympics.
El Salvador has lost nearly 85% of its forest cover since the 1960s.
Its primary forest area is less than 6,000 hectares.
Worryingly, more than half of the country is unsuitable for food cultivation.
El Salvador’s national bird is the Torogoz, also known as the turquoise-browed motmot. We saw a lot of birds in Belize, but no motmots in El Salvador.
El Salvador’s coast is home to four different species of sea turtles.
On chicken buses, music is blasting at full volume. It can be so loud that you have to shout to be heard by the person next to you!
In 1969, El Salvador launched a military attack on Honduras. This coincided with rioting between the two countries during a FIFA World Cup qualifier. The war was short-lived, and the conflict became known as the 100-Hour War. It’s also known as the Football War, despite the fact that it had nothing to do with soccer!
In Spanish, the name El Salvador means “the Savior.”
The white stripe on the country’s flag represents peace, while the blue stripes represent the sea.
Up to the ninth grade, education is free.
El Salvador’s official name is the Republic of El Salvador.
El Salvador’s capital city is San Salvador.
It is one of only a few countries that still cultivates indigo.
It is estimated that there are up to three million Salvadorans living in the United States of America.
El Salvador is bounded by Guatemala and Honduras.
El Salvador is primarily a Roman Catholic country.
It has one of the world’s highest murder rates.