Facts about New Hampshire
New Hampshire is a state in the northeastern United States. It is bordered by Vermont, Massachusetts, and Maine. New Hampshire shares an international border with the Canadian province of Quebec. With 9,304 square miles, New Hampshire is the 46th largest state. It is the 42nd most populous state in the United States, with approximately 1,323,459 residents, and the 21st most densely populated. Various Algonquin tribes lived in the area prior to European settlement. Small settlements appeared in what is now Dover and Rye in the early 1600s. When New Hampshire joined the Union in 1788, it became the ninth state in the Union.
Captain John Mason named Hampshire, England, as the state of New Hampshire.
Concord is the state capital, and Manchester is the largest city. Exeter was originally the state capital.
The Granite State is the state nickname for New Hampshire.
New Hampshire’s state motto is ‘Live Free or Die.’ The words of the motto were originally written as part of a statement by Revolutionary War hero and Battle of Bennington Revolutionary General John Stark.
‘Old New Hampshire’ is the state song of New Hampshire.
Residents of New Hampshire are known as New Hampshireites.
The state flag of New Hampshire was designed in 1784 but was not officially adopted until 1909.
The purple finch is the state bird of New Hampshire, and the Karner blue butterfly is the state butterfly. The Karner blue butterfly is listed as an endangered species in New Hampshire.
The white-tailed deer is the state animal of New Hampshire, and the ladybug is the state insect.
The striped bass is the game saltwater state fish of New Hampshire, and the brook trout is the game freshwater state fish.
New Hampshire’s state tree is the white birch.
The state flower of New Hampshire is the purple lilac, and the state wildflower is the pink ladyslipper.
To the southeast, New Hampshire borders the Atlantic Ocean.
The Merrimack River, Connecticut River, and Androscoggin River are among New Hampshire’s major rivers.
Lake Winnipesaukee is the largest lake in New Hampshire.
New Hampshire’s major industries include software, electronic equipment, textiles, lumber, and tourism.
Fruit, corn, potatoes, hay, dairy, and poultry are major agricultural products in New Hampshire.
Former US President Franklin Pierce was born in Hillsboro in 1804. He was the 14th President of the United States, serving from 1853 to 1857. His former residence was the Pierce Manse in Concord. He was a war hero as well.
New Hampshire was the first of the original thirteen colonies to declare independence from England. This happened six months before the Declaration of Independence was signed.
Alan Bartlett Shepard Jr. was the first American to travel into space. He was originally from New Hampshire.
The first potato seedlings were planted in the United States in 1719 at Londonderry Common Field in New Hampshire.
In 1787, in Concord, New Hampshire, the first alarm clock was invented.
Sarah Josepha Hale, the author of ‘Mary Had a Little Lamb,’ was from Newport, New Hampshire. In 1830, she wrote the poem.