May 18, 2024

Length of the (tropical) year in 2000 A.D.: 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, 45 seconds.

Time that the year has slowed since 1 A.D.: 1O seconds.

Average decrease in the year due to a gradual slowing of the earth’s rotation: 1/2 second per century.

Lunar Month: 29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes, 2.9 seconds.

The earliest known date: 4236 B.C., the founding of the Egyptian calendar.

Ancient Egyptian year: 365 1/4 days.

Early Chinese year: 354 days (lunar year)with days added at intervals to keep the Chinese lunar calendar aligned with the seasons.

Early Greek year: 354 days, with days added.

Jewish year: 354 days, with days added.

Early Roman year: 304 days, amended in 700 B.C. to 355 days.

The year according to Julius Caesar (the Julian calendar): 365 1/4 days.

Date Caesar changed Roman year to Julian calendar: January 1, 46 B.C.

Amount of time the old Roman calendar was misaligned with the solar year as designated by Caesar: 80 days.

Total length of 46 B.C. known as the”Year of Confusion,”after adding 80 days: 445 days.

The year as amended by Pope Gregory XIII (the Gregorian calendar):365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, 20 seconds.

Date Pope Gregory reformed the calendar: 1582.

Length of time the Julian calendar overestimates the solar year per year, as determined by Pope Gregory: 11 minutes, 14 seconds.

Number of days Pope Gregory removed to correct the calendar’s drift: 10.

Dates Gregory eliminated by papal bull to realign his calendar with the solar year: October 5-14, 1582.

Dates most Catholic countries accepted the Gregorian calendar: 1582 – 1584.

Date Protestant Germany accepted the Gregorian calendar: partial acceptance in 1700, full acceptance in 1775.

Date Great Britain (and the American colonies) accepted the Gregorian calendar: 1752.

Length of time eliminated by the British Parliament to realign the old calendar Julian) with the Gregorian calendar: 11 days.

Dates Parliament eliminated: September 3-13, 1752.

Date Japan accepted the Gregorian calendar: 1873.

Date Russia accepted the Gregorian calendar: 1917 (and again in 1940).

Date China accepted the Gregorian calendar: 1949.

Date the Eastern Orthodox Church last voted to reject the Gregorian calendar and retain the Julian calendar: 1971.

Length of time the Gregorian calendar is off from the true solar year: 25.96768 seconds per year.

Length of time the Gregorian calendar has become misaligned over the 414 years since Gregory’s reform in 1582: 2 hours, 59 minutes, 12 seconds.

Year in which the Gregorian calendar will be one day ahead of the true solar year: A.D. 4909.

Year that Atomic Time replaced Earth Time as the world’s official time standard: 1972.

The year as measured in oscillations of atomic cesium: 290,091.200,500,000,000.

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